Signs of a Flea Infestation
Do you need to find out how to get rid of fleas in the house? If you suspect your pet has fleas then there are signs to look for. One of the first things that you may notice is when they start to bite you or other members of the household: often they bite exposed ankles, and these bites may require medical attention. You may see the fleas themselves in the animal fur on your pet, especially around the ears and tail. The animal is likely to be scratching a great deal, and you should also look for flea droppings which are tiny brown or black pellets. If you stand your pet on some white paper and give the fur a rub, look for these pellets dropping out onto the paper.
Fleas – Latin name ctenocephalides felis – are a parasite that feed on the blood of warm-blooded animals, including humans. The common cat flea is found on both cats and dogs, and is the species usually identified in attacks on humans. It is also the species responsible for flea plague. Fleas can carry and cause tape-worm infections. A flea infestation can occur even in the cleanest home as any animal may pass them onto your pet with minimal contact.
Some fleas can attack a range of hosts, and their ability to transfer from one host to another allows for the possible transfer of pathogens, causing illness. They pierce the skin, inject an anaesthetic and anti-coagulant into the host to prevent blood clotting and then suck out the blood. Some of the blood passes straight through their rectum in order to lay their eggs.
The Flea Life Cycle
Adult fleas are reddish brown in colour and between 2-3mm in length. One female flea can lay about 18 eggs a day, which normally take between 14 and 21 days to hatch. They hatch to produce small larvae, which feed on organic debris and faecal waste from the adult fleas. The larvae pupate in cocoons, which are resistant to insecticide. The pupa can remain dormant for up to 12 months until stimulated by the presence of a host. This explains why fleas ‘attack’ in large numbers when entering a house that has been empty for a long time.
Flea ExterminationTo get rid of a flea infestation properly, we recommend expert treatment. We are experienced in treating all sizes of property and we will treat all carpets, cracks and crevices with a broad spectrum residual insecticide. Prior to the flea infestation treatment all carpets need to be vacuumed and then the debris needs to be deposed of correctly. The treatment will then be applied and must be left undisturbed for 14 days following application (so no vacuuming is allowed for two weeks!). Fleas may still be seen for up to 14 days.
At Envirosafe our friendly team of experts can help with a range of commercial and domestic pest control. Fleas and all other insect problems can be dealt with as well as mice and other rodents. We can also help with birds such as pigeons. Our team are accredited, thorough, effective and hygienic.